Dr Miro Cerar was elected Prime Minister of the Republic of Slovenia by the National Assembly on 25 August 2014. Until then, he had not been a member of any political party and had not been actively engaged in politics. In 2014 he decided to form, together with a group of his supporters, a completely new political party in order to participate in the early parliamentary elections. The Party of Miro Cerar (SMC) was founded on 2 June 2014 and on 13 July 2014, led by Miro Cerar, the SMC achieved a historic victory, winning 36 deputy seats (out of 90), which is the largest number of seats taken by any political party to-date. At its first congress on 7 March 2015, the party was renamed the Modern Centre Party (SMC).
Before entering politics, dr Miro Cerar was a Full Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana, where he lectured on the theory and philosophy of law, comparative law and the ethics of the legal profession. In 1990 and 1991, he took part in drafting the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia and other constitutional independence acts, being the youngest of the participating legal experts. Subsequently, he was a legal advisor on constitutional and other legal matters to the National Assembly for over twenty years, and occasionally also to the ministries, private law offices, institutes, chambers and other institutions. In 2008, as a Fulbright Scholar, he taught comparative constitutional law at the Golden Gate University School of Law in San Francisco, and underwent professional development training at the University of California School of Law in Berkeley. After holding the office of Vice-President of the Judicial Council of the Republic of Slovenia for a year and a half, he became its President during the period from December 2010 to June 2012. In the period 2000-2014, he was selected as one of the ten most influential Slovenian legal experts thirteen times, and in the period 2011-2014, he was also named the Slovenian legal expert with the greatest reputation four times.